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Useful things I've learned about the US Census, and references.

US Supreme Court Cases involving the US Census Bureau

  • Baker v. Carr 369 U. S., 186 (1962)

Litigation following Census 1980

  • Cuomo v. Baldridge, 1987
  • Baldrige v. Shapiro, 455 US 345 (1982) Established the Census address lists are exempt from disclosure under FOIA under the confidentiality provisions of the Census Act, 13 USC §§ 8 and 9.
  • New York v. Department of Commerce 1989

Litigation Concerning the 1990 Census

  • U. S., Department of Commerce v. Montana 503 U. S. 442, 1992.
  • Franklin v. Massachusetts 505 U. S., 788 1992.
  • Wisconsin v. City of New York, 517 U. S. 1, 1996.

Litigation Concerning the 2000 Census

  • U. S., Department of Commerce v. U. S. House of Representatives 525 U. S. 316, 1999– the ruling decision for the Census of 2000 (Decided by the Supreme Court on January 25, 1999)

Title 13

  • 13 U.S.C. §195 prohibits the use of sampling for reapportioning the House of Representatives. "Except for the determination of population for purposes of apportionment of Representatives in Congress among the several States, the Secretary shall, if he considers it feasible, authorize the use of the statistical method known as “sampling” in carrying out the provisions of this title."

Articles about the Census

References on census.gov

Decennial Census 2020

See Also